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Higher parental education was associated with better asthma control.

Journal article
Authors Frida Strömberg Celind
Göran Wennergren
Styliana Vasileiadou
Bernt Alm
Nils Åberg
Emma Goksör
Published in Acta Paediatrica
Volume 108
Issue 5
Pages 920-926
ISSN 0803-5253
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 920-926
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14610
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Pediatrics, Respiratory Medicine and Allergy

Abstract

Inhaled corticosteroids have resulted in the improved control of asthma and a reduced need for hospitalisation. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of uncontrolled asthma and factors that affect asthma control.The data came from a longitudinal cohort study of children. The parents answered questionnaires from age 6 months to 12 years. The response rate at age 12 years was 76% (3637/4777) and doctor-diagnosed asthma was reported in 6.4% (n = 233). Asthma control was examined with the Asthma Control Test (ACT), where scores below 20 denote uncontrolled asthma.Of the children with asthma at age 12 years, 15% had an ACT value below 20, that is uncontrolled asthma. Independent risk factors for uncontrolled asthma were wheeze triggered by exercise (adjusted OR, aOR 5.6; 1.9-16.6), cat at home (aOR 3.5; 1.2-10.0) and current doctor-diagnosed rhinitis (aOR 2.8; 95% CI 1.1-7.0). A higher education in the parents reduced the risk of uncontrolled asthma (aOR 0.3; 95% CI 0.1-0.8). Only six children (i.e. 2.6%) reported hospitalisation due to asthma during the last year.Of the children with asthma, 15% had uncontrolled asthma. Higher education in the parents was associated with better asthma control in the children.

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