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Overnight Steady-State Infusions of Parenteral Nutrition on Myosin Heavy Chain Transcripts in Rectus Abdominis Muscle Related to Amino Acid Transporters, Insulin-like Growth Factor 1, and Blood Amino Acids in Patients Aimed at Major Surgery.

Journal article
Authors Britt-Marie Iresjö
Cecilia Engström
Ulrika Smedh
Kent Lundholm
Published in JPEN - Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume 43
Issue 4
Pages 497-507
ISSN 0148-6071
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Pages 497-507
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1458
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Parenteral Nutrition, Skeletal Muscle, Amino Acid transport, Insulin Like Growth Factor 1
Subject categories Surgery, Cell biology, Nutrition and Dietetics

Abstract

Evaluation of improvements by nutrition support to severely ill patients requires sensitive methods to demonstrate activation of protein synthesis in various tissues from groups with a limited number of patients to be statistically efficient. This study examines effects of standard parenteral nutrition (PN) on abdominal muscle transcripts of amino acid (AA) transporters, myosin heavy chains (MHCs), and the insulin-like growth factor 1 and its receptor (IGF-1/IGF-1R) in patients aimed at major surgery.Twenty-two randomized patients received steady-state PN (0.16 gN/kg/d, 30 kcal/kg/d) or saline infusions for 12 hours before operation. Blood samples and muscle biopsies were obtained at operation start. Muscle messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of AA transporters (solute carrier family members SNAT2, LAT1, LAT3, LAT4, TAUT, PAT1, CD98), IGF-1, IGF-1R, MHC isoforms (MHC1, MHC2A, MHC2X), and LAT3 protein were quantified and related to concentrations of AA, IGF-1, insulin, and metabolic substrates in blood.Muscle mRNA LAT3, LAT4, IGF-1R, and MHC2A increased by PN infusion, with correlations to specific AA transporters and MHC isoforms (P < .01-.05). TAUT and LAT3 correlated to slow (MHC1) and fast (MHC2A, MHC2X) isoforms (P < .001-.02). Muscle IGF-1 mRNA correlated to plasma essential AAs, whereas IGF-1R mRNA was related to LAT3, MHC2A, and serum IGF-1 (P < .001-.03).The results confirm that short-term preoperative PN activates transcription of AA transporters and myosin isoforms. Thus, combinations of methods on gene transcription and translation of muscle proteins can be applied to define efficient combinations of nutrition and hormones to catabolic patients in preoperative and postoperative settings.

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