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Empowering aspects for healthy food and physical activity habits: adolescents' experiences of a school-based intervention in a disadvantaged urban community.

Journal article
Authors Christopher Holmberg
Christel Larsson
Peter Korp
Eva-Carin M Lindgren
Linus Jonsson
Andreas Fröberg
John Chaplin
Christina Berg
Published in International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Volume 13
Issue Suppl.1 (Special Issue)
ISSN 1748-2623
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1080/17482631.20...
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/ful...
Subject categories Nutrition and Dietetics, Domestic science and nutrition, Sport and Fitness Sciences

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to describe adolescents’ experiences of participating in a health-promoting school-based intervention regarding food and physical activity, with a focus on empowering aspects. Method: The school was located in a urban disadvantaged community in Sweden, characterized by poorer self-reported health and lower life expectancy than the municipality average. Focus group interviews with adolescents (29 girls, 20 boys, 14–15 years) and their teachers (n = 4) were conducted two years after intervention. Data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. Results: A theme was generated, intersecting with all the categories: Gaining control over one’s health: deciding, trying, and practicing together, in new ways, using reflective tools. The adolescents appreciated influencing the components of the intervention and collaborating with peers in active learning activities such as practicing sports and preparing meals. They also reported acquiring new health information, that trying new activities was inspiring, and the use of pedometers and photo-food diaries helped them reflect on their health behaviours. The adolescents’ experiences were also echoed by their teachers. Conclusions: To facilitate empowerment and stimulate learning, health-promotion interventions targeting adolescents could enable active learning activities in groups, by using visualizing tools to facilitate self-reflection, and allowing adolescents to influence intervention activities.

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