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Perspectives on NMR studies of CO2 adsorption

Journal article
Authors Diana Bernin
N. Hedin
Published in Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science
Volume 33
Pages 53-62
ISSN 1359-0294
Publication year 2018
Published at Swedish NMR Centre at Göteborg University
Pages 53-62
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cocis.201...
Keywords NMR, CO2 sorbents, Zeolite, MOF, Diffusion, Solid-state NMR, Amine-modified sorbents, PGSE NMR, metal-organic frameworks, solid-state nmr, carbon-dioxide capture, nuclear-magnetic-resonance, pulsed-field gradients, self-diffusion, mesoporous silica, selective adsorption, small hydrocarbons, spin echoes, Chemistry
Subject categories Chemical Sciences, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Abstract

There is a consensus about a long-term goal of a carbon-neutral energy cycle, but the CO2 emissions to the atmosphere are currently very large. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies could allow a transformation of the global energy system into a carbon-neutral one and simultaneously keeping the temperature rises within agreed bounds. The CO2 separation step of CCS is, however, very expensive, and adsorption-driven technologies have been put forward as alternatives. Hence, a recent focus has been on studying solid adsorbents for CO2, which include activated carbons, zeolites, metal-organic frameworks, and amine-modified silica. In this context, we summarize the literature concerning CO2 sorption studied with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), outline selected NMR methods, and present an outlook for further studies. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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