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How much democratic backsliding?

Journal article
Authors Valeriya Mechkova
Anna Lührmann
Staffan I Lindberg
Published in Journal of Democracy
Volume 28
Issue 4
Pages 162-169
ISSN 1045-5736
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Political Science
Pages 162-169
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1353/jod.2017.00...
Subject categories Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

Abstract

© 2017 National Endowment for Democracy and Johns Hopkins University Press. Democracy is facing challenges across the world, yet suggestions of a global crisis are not warranted. Based on data from the largest democracy database ever compiled, the Varieties of Democracy Project (V-Dem), we find that the number of democracies worldwide declined slightly from 100 in 2011 to 97 today, and 16 countries transitioned to democracy over the last ten years, including Tunisia, Nepal, and Nigeria. However, there is a fair degree of volatility. In 2013 alone, five countries transitioned to democracy but nine went the other way. Worrisome trends include gradual erosion of freedom of expression and association in several countries, among them Turkey, Hungary, Poland, and Brazil.

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