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Person Centered Care and Personalized Medicine: Irreconcilable Opposites or Potential Companions?

Journal article
Authors Leila El-Alti
Lars Sandman
Christian Munthe
Published in Health Care Analysis
Volume 27
Issue 1
Pages 45–59
ISSN 1065-3058
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science
Pages 45–59
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-017-...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/207693
Keywords Personalized medicine, Precision medicine, Pharmacogenomics, Person centered care, Patient centred care, Healthcare ethics, Medical ethics, Philosophy of medicine, Medical humanities, Conceptual analysis
Subject categories Practical philosophy, Ethics, Technology and social change, Medical Genetics, Medical Ethics, Nursing

Abstract

In contrast to standardized guidelines, personalized medicine and person centered care are two notions that have recently developed and are aspiring for more individualized health care for each single patient. While having a similar drive toward individualized care, their sources are markedly different. While personalized medicine stems from a biomedical framework, person centered care originates from a caring perspective, and a wish for a more holistic view of patients. It is unclear to what extent these two concepts can be combined or if they conflict at fundamental or pragmatic levels. This paper reviews existing literature in both medicine and related philosophy to analyze closer the meaning of the two notions, and to explore the extent to which they overlap or oppose each other, in theory or in practice, in particular regarding ethical assumptions and their respective practical implications.

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