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Från cigarrflicka till hjälpareflickor. Förhållningssätt till (arbetar)litterär retorik hos Hjalmar Söderberg och Alfred Kämpe

Chapter in book
Authors Christer Ekholm
Published in "inte kan jag berätta allas historia?" Föreställningar om nordisk arbetarlitteratur / red. Beata Agrell, Åsa Arping, Christer Ekholm & Magnus Gustafson
Pages 69-82
ISBN 978-91-88348-74-6
Publisher LIR.skrifter
Place of publication Göteborg
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Literature, History of Ideas, and Religion
Pages 69-82
Language sv
Keywords working-class fiction, rhetorical aesthetics, spatiality, Hjalmar Söderberg, Alfred Kämpe
Subject categories General Literature Studies


Through a comparison of two short-stories, Hjalmar Söderberg's classic "Tuschritningen" [The pen-and-ink-drawing] (1897) and the working-class writer Alfred Kämpe's "Hjälpareflickorna" [The helper girls], (1907) Ekholm discusses ideas of the early 1900s concerning working-class literature, related to the work of art as a situated event. Söderberg describes this event as a gender- and class-based clash between two opposite attitudes, and renders the rhetorical-political stance of the depicted working girl secondary and strange in relation to the aesthetical-existential posture of the male bourgeois narrator-protagonist. Kämpe, on the other hand, uses the literary strategy typical of working-class literature to highlight the toil of the outlined harvest, and especially the exposed situation of one of the working girls, in terms of an exigence or social need – a need the short-story itself responds to by rhetorically and politically making an alternative world.

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