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Opportunities for recovery at work and excellent work ability - a cross-sectional population study among young workers

Journal article
Authors Maria Boström
Judith K Sluiter
Mats Hagberg
Anna Grimby-Ekman
Published in BMC Public Health
Volume 16
Pages 985
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 985
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3654-...
Keywords Varied work, Work ability score, Young workforce, Worktime control, Work-health promotion
Subject categories Basic Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background Better opportunities for recovery at work are thought to be associated with work ability in a young workforce but evidence is scarce to lacking. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional associations between opportunities for recovery at work and excellent work ability among young workers and specifically for young workers with high work demands. Methods A study group of 1295 women and 1056 men aged 18–29 years was selected from three biennial years of a population cohort. The subsample reporting high work demands consisted of 439 women and 349 men. The study group had completed a work environment questionnaire in a survey conducted by Statistics Sweden. Associations between opportunities for recovery at work and excellent work ability were assessed by multiple logistic regression models stratified for gender. Results Having varied work was associated with excellent work ability in all young men (p < 0.0006; prevalence ratio [PR] 1.3) and also specifically in men with high work demands (p = 0.019; PR 1.3). For the latter group the possibility of deciding when to perform a work task was also associated with excellent work ability (p = 0.049; PR 1.3). Among young women with high work demands, the possibility of deciding one’s working hours was associated with excellent work ability (p = 0.046; PR 1.2). Conclusions For young men, having varied work can contribute to excellent work ability. In addition, for men with high work demands, the possibility of deciding when to perform a work task may be favourable for excellent work ability. For young women with high work demands, the possibility of deciding one’s working hours can contribute to excellent work ability. Employers could use these opportunities for recovery in promoting work ability among young workers.

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