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3D Limb Movement Tracking and Analysis for Neurological Dysfunctions of Neonates Using Multi-Camera Videos

Conference paper
Authors Irene Y.H. Gu
Grzegorz Sowulewski
Yixiao Yun
Anders Flisberg
Magnus Thordstein
Published in 38th Engineering Medicine and Biology Society Conference (EMBC), Orlando, USA 2016
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Language en
Keywords 3D trajectory tracking, multi-camera video, neurological dysfunction quantification, Neonates
Subject categories Signal Processing, Image analysis, Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems), Neurology

Abstract

Central nervous system dysfunction in infants may be manifested through inconsistent, rigid and abnormal limb movements. Detection of limb movement anomalies associated with such neurological dysfunctions in infants is the first step towards early treatment for improving infant development. This paper addresses the issue of detecting and quantifying limb movement anomalies in infants through non-invasive 3D image analysis methods using videos from multiple camera views. We propose a novel scheme for tracking 3D time trajectories of markers on infant’s limbs by video analysis techniques. The proposed scheme employ videos captured from three camera views. This enables us to detect a set of enhanced 3D markers through cross-view matching and to effectively handle marker self-occlusions by other body parts. We track a set of 3D trajectories of limb movements by a set of particle filters in parallel, enabling more robust 3D tracking of markers, and use the 3D model errors for quantifying abrupt limb movements. The proposed work makes a significant advancement to the previous work in [1] through employing tracking in 3D space, and hence overcome several main barriers that hinder real applications by using single camera-based techniques. To the best of our knowledge, applying such a multi-view video analysis approach for assessing neurological dysfunctions of infants through 3D time trajectories of markers on limbs is novel, and could lead to computer-aided tools for diagnosis of dysfunctions where early treatment may improve infant development. Experiments were conducted on multi-view neonate videos recorded in a clinical setting and results have provided further support to the proposed method.

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