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Prosodic stems in Zezuru Shona

Journal article
Authors Laura J. Downing
Maxwell Kadenge
Published in Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies
Volume 33
Issue 3
Pages 291-305
ISSN 1607-3614
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages 291-305
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.2989/16073614.2015.11...
Keywords Prosodic hierarchy, Prosodic Word, Prosodic Stem, minimality, Meeussen's Rule, tone
Subject categories Languages and Literature, Linguistics, African languages, Bantu languages

Abstract

In the traditional Prosodic Hierarchy, the Prosodic Word is the lowest level of the hierarchy defined in terms of the interface between morphosyntatic and prosodic constituents. Recent work such as Itô and Mester (2013) reaffirms this, defining Prosodic Word as matching the syntactic category X (N, V, A) and offering no sub-lexical constituents. In this article, we present empirical arguments in favour of the Prosodic Stem as a level of the Prosodic Hierarchy, immediately dominated by Prosodic Word. Minimality effects, tone and vowel hiatus resolution processes in Zezuru demonstrate that PStem and PWord levels play distinct roles; they are domains for different phonological processes. Thus, we argue that more constituents of the Prosodic Hierarchy are needed, where the Prosodic Stem domain is distinct from the Prosodic Word.

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