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Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Chapter in book
Authors Lars Wilhelmsen
Published in Reference Module in Biomedical Research
ISBN 978-01-28-01238-3
Publisher Elsevier
Publication year 2014
Published at Institute of Medicine
Language en
Keywords Angina pectoris, Cardiovascular diseases, Congestive heart failure, Intermittent claudication, Myocardial infarction, Population attributable risk, Primary prevention, Risk factors, Secondary prevention, Stroke
Subject categories Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


Prevention of cardiovascular diseases includes actions regarding myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, stroke, and intermittent claudication. Many risk factors for myocardial infarction and fewer for stroke have been identified, but according to intervention studies, only a limited number of them have resulted in decreased disease incidence. An international study has recently shown that nine risk factors explain 90% or more of the population-attributable risk of myocardial infarction. Recommended prevention actions are avoiding tobacco smoking, preventing and treating high blood pressure and diabetes, keeping a diet low in saturated fat, salt, and calories, and keeping a high level of physical activity. When a person has suffered from disease, other factors related to the event add to these actions in secondary prevention. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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