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The role of cognitive reserve on terminal decline: a cross-cohort analysis from two European studies: OCTO-Twin, Sweden, and Newcastle 85+, UK.

Journal article
Authors Dorina Cadar
Blossom C M Stephan
Carol Jagger
Boo Johansson
Scott M Hofer
Andrea M Piccinin
Graciela Muniz-Terrera
Published in International journal of geriatric psychiatry
Volume 31
Issue 6
Pages 601–610
ISSN 1099-1166
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 601–610
Language en
Keywords cognition;death;dementia;MMSE;education;terminal decline;cognitive reserve;longitudinal study;mixed multilevel
Subject categories Psychology


Cognitive performance shows a marked deterioration in close proximity to death, as postulated by the terminal decline hypothesis. The effect of education on the rate of terminal decline in the oldest people (i.e. persons 85+ years) has been controversial and not entirely understood. In the current study, we investigated the rate of decline prior to death with a special focus on the role of education and socioeconomic position, in two European longitudinal studies of ageing: the Origins of Variance in the Old-Old: Octogenarian Twins (OCTO-Twin) and the Newcastle 85+ study.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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