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Evaluation of a Beta-Calcium Metaphosphate Bone Graft Containing Bone Morphogenetic Protein- 7 (OP-1) in Rabbit Maxillary Defects.

Journal article
Authors B Buranawat
L Di Silvio
S Deb
Ulf Nannmark
Lars Sennerby
R M Palmer
Published in Journal of periodontology
Volume 85
Issue 2
Pages 298-307
ISSN 1943-3670
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 298-307
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1902/jop.2013.130159
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

Background: Calcium phosphate based materials have been widely used as bone substitutes and more recently are being exploited together with growth factors as bone tissue engineering scaffolds regulating cell behavior. The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo response to a newly developed calcium metaphosphate bone graft, with and without bone stimulating growth factor. Materials and methods: Porous scaffolds of β calcium metaphosphate (CMP) were developed and extensively tested in vitro. Subsequently, CMP grafts with osteogenic protein 1 (OP-1) (test) and, without (control) were implanted into experimental rabbit maxillary bone defects. Animals were sacrificed 2, 4, and 8 weeks and samples examined with micro-computed tomography (µCT) and processed for histomorphometric analysis. Results: At 8 weeks the scaffolds containing OP-1 induced greater bone formation (P=0.018) than CMP alone, based on histomorphometric evaluation, % Bone area [Test 57.1±5.6 and Control 49.4±7.7] and micro-CT analysis, % Bone volume density (BV/TV) [Test 63.46±5.61 and Control 51.20±6.71]. Thus, this data indicated that both test and control CMP grafts showed a good degree of bone formation. Furthermore, the CMP materials showed signs of resorption from 4 weeks and no graft materials were observed at 8 weeks. Conclusion: In vitro the OP-1 loaded graft demonstrated a release profile and bioactivity over a 28 day period. In vivo testing confirmed enhanced bone formation of the OP-1 loaded graft after 8 weeks of healing.

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