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Induction of IgE antibodies and T-cell reactivity to ovalbumin in rats colonized with Escherichia coli genetically manipulated to produce ovalbumin.

Journal article
Authors Anna Dahlman-Höglund
Staffan Ahlstedt
Lars Åke Hanson
Esbjörn Telemo
Agnes E Wold
Ulf Dahlgren
Published in Immunology
Volume 76
Issue 2
Pages 225-8
ISSN 0019-2805
Publication year 1992
Published at Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Dept of Clinical Immunology
Pages 225-8
Language en
Links www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Animals, Antigens, Bacterial, immunology, Escherichia coli, immunology, metabolism, Escherichia coli Infections, immunology, Female, Hypersensitivity, Delayed, immunology, Immunoglobulin E, biosynthesis, Immunoglobulin G, biosynthesis, Ovalbumin, biosynthesis, immunology, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains
Subject categories Immunology, Microbiology

Abstract

The immune response to ovalbumin (OA) and the bacterial antigens, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and fimbriae were studied in conventional rats colonized from birth with an Escherichia coli strain producing OA. The colonized rats had developed IgE antibodies against OA, but not against the fimbrial or the LPS antigens from the E. coli at 2 months of age. At this time all rats were primed with OA given intracutaneously in Freund's complete adjuvant. Two weeks later the colonized rats showed a 35% greater delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to OA, measured as ear swelling, than the controls. Thus bacteria carrying antigens resembling potential allergens might aggravate, or participate in the induction of allergic symptoms. In addition such bacteria could be efficient vaccine vectors in protection against parasites. The study illustrates the importance of the mode of antigen presentation for the subsequent immune response.

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