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Effects of wood smoke particles from wood-burning stoves on the respiratory health of atopic humans.

Journal article
Authors Ingunn Skogstad Riddervold
Jakob Hjort Bønløkke
Anna-Carin Olin
Therese Koops Grønborg
Vivi Schlünssen
Kristin Skogstrand
David Hougaard
Andreas Massling
Torben Sigsgaard
Published in Particle and fibre toxicology
Volume 9
Pages 12
ISSN 1743-8977
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Pages 12
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/1743-8977-9-12
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/85482
Keywords Air pollution; Controlled exposure; Wood smoke; Particles; Airway inflammation; Lung function; Humans
Subject categories Basic Medicine, Health Sciences

Abstract

There is growing evidence that particulate air pollution derived from wood stoves causes acute inflammation in the respiratory system, increases the incidence of asthma and other allergic diseases, and increases respiratory morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate acute respiratory effects from short-term wood smoke exposure in humans. Twenty non-smoking atopic volunteers with normal lung function and without bronchial responsiveness were monitored during three different experimental exposure sessions, aiming at particle concentrations of about 200 μg/m(3), 400 μg/m(3), and clean air as control exposure. A balanced cross-over design was used and participants were randomly allocated to exposure orders. Particles were generated in a wood-burning facility and added to a full-scale climate chamber where the participants were exposed for 3 hours under controlled environmental conditions. Health effects were evaluated in relation to: peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), and forced vital capacity (FVC). Furthermore, the effects were assessed in relation to changes in nasal patency and from markers of airway inflammation: fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and nasal lavage (NAL) samples were collected before, and at various intervals after exposure.

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