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Outcome in autism and autistic-like conditions.

Journal article
Authors Christopher Gillberg
Published in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume 30
Issue 3
Pages 375-382
ISSN 0890-8567
Publication year 1991
Published at Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Pages 375-382
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Autistic Disorder, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Complications, Child, Preschool, Epilepsy, Complications, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Prognosis, Risk Factors
Subject categories Psychiatry


Autism carries a very variable prognosis; there might be a slight increase in mortality in the first 30 years of life. A small, but not negligible, minority of people with autism lead productive, self-supporting adult lives, but about two-thirds will remain dependent on others throughout life. The risk of epilepsy is very high, both in early childhood and adolescence. An important minority deteriorate in adolescence. Outcome in autistic-like conditions is even more variable, ranging from excellent in many cases of so-called Asperger syndrome to gloomy in most cases of so-called disintegrative disorders.

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