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Prevalence of troublesome symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders and awareness of bruxism in 65- and 75-year-old subjects.

Journal article
Authors Lennart Unell
Anders Arne Johansson
Gunnar Ekbäck
Sven Ordell
Gunnar E Carlsson
Published in Gerodontology
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages e772–e779
ISSN 1741-2358
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages e772–e779
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/87991
Keywords cross-sectional study, elderly, epidemiology, orofacial pain, questionnaire
Subject categories Other odontology

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of 3 troublesome temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms and awareness of bruxism in 2 cohorts of subjects aged 65 and 75 years. Background: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a high, though varying, prevalence of TMD symptoms. The results concerning elderly people are inconclusive. Material and methods: Identical questionnaires were in 2007 sent to all subjects born in 1942 and 1932 living in two Swedish counties. The response rate was 73.1% for the 65- and 71.9 % for the 75-year-old subjects, totally 9093 subjects. This study focused on 3 questions on the severity of TMD symptoms and 1 question on awareness of bruxism. Results: The great majority reported no or only few TMD problems. Less than 3 % (måste kontrolleras!) considered their TMD symptoms to be rather great or severe. The mean prevalence of TMD-related symptoms and bruxism was greater in women than in men in both age groups. The 75-year-old women reported a marked lower prevalence of TMD symptoms and bruxism than the 65-year-old women, whereas the age differences were small among the men. Self-reported bruxism was associated with higher prevalence of TMD symptoms. Conclusions: The great majority of the 65- and 75 year-old subjects did not report any troublesome TMD related symptoms.

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