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Neonatal muscular manifestations in mitochondrial disorders.

Journal article
Authors Mar Tulinius
Anders Oldfors
Published in Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine
Volume 16
Issue 4
Pages 229-35
ISSN 1878-0946
Publication year 2011
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Pathology
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 229-35
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.siny.2011.04.0...
Subject categories Cell and Molecular Biology

Abstract

During the last decade rapid development has occurred in defining nuclear gene mutations causing mitochondrial disease. Some of these newly defined gene mutations cause neonatal or early infantile onset of disease, often associated with severe progressive encephalomyopathy combined with other multi-organ involvement such as cardiomyopathy or hepatopathy and with early death. Findings suggesting myopathy in neonates are hypotonia, muscle weakness and wasting, and arthrogryposis. We aim to describe the clinical findings of patients with mitochondrial disease presenting with muscular manifestations in the neonatal period or in early infancy and in whom the genetic defect has been characterized. The majority of patients with neonatal onset of mitochondrial disease have mutations in nuclear genes causing dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, leading to defective oxidative phosphorylation.

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