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Characteristics of the surface oxides on turned and electrochemically oxidized pure titanium implants up to dielectric breakdown: the oxide thickness, micropore configurations, surface roughness, crystal structure and chemical composition.

Journal article
Authors Young-Taeg Sul
Carina B. Johansson
Sarunas Petronis
A Krozer
Yongsoo Jeong
Ann Wennerberg
Tomas Albrektsson
Published in Biomaterials
Volume 23
Issue 2
Pages 491-501
ISSN 0142-9612
Publication year 2002
Published at Institute of Surgical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Pages 491-501
Language en
Links www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1176117...
Keywords Titanium implants; Titanium oxides; Surface oxide properties; Oxide thickness; Micropore configurations
Subject categories Surface engineering, Biomaterials

Abstract

Titanium implants have been used widely and successfully for various types of bone-anchored reconstructions. It is believed that properties of oxide films covering titanium implant surfaces are of crucial importance for a successful osseointegration, in particular at compromized bone sites. The aim of the present study is to investigate the surface properties of anodic oxides formed on commercially pure (c.p.) titanium screw implants as well as to study 'native' oxides on turned c.p. titanium implants. Anodic oxides were prepared by galvanostatic mode in CH3COOH up to the high forming voltage of dielectric breakdown and spark formation. The oxide thicknesses, measured with Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), were in the range of about 200-1000 nm. Barrier and porous structures dominated the surface morphology of the anodic film. Quantitative morphometric analyses of the micropore structures were performed using an image analysis system on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) negatives. The pore sizes were < or = 8 microm in diameter and had 1.27-2.1 microm2 opening area. The porosity was in the range of 12.7-24.4%. The surface roughness was in the range of 0.96-1.03 microm (Sa), measured with TopScan 3D. The crystal structures of the titanium oxide were amorphous, anatase, and a mixtures of anatase and rutile type, as analyzed with thin-film X-ray diffractometry (TF-XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. The chemical compositions consisted mainly of TiO2, characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The native (thermal) oxide on turned implants was 17.4 nm (+/- 6.2) thick and amorphous. Its chemical composition was TiO2. The surface roughness had an average height deviation of 0.83 microm (Sa). The present results are needed to elucidate the influence of the oxide properties on the biological reaction. The results of animal studies using the presently characterized surface oxides on titanium implants will be published separately.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/english/research/publication/?publicationId=84556
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-10-20