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Important work demands for reducing sickness absence among workers with neck or upper back pain: a prospective cohort study

Journal article
Authors Stefan Oliv
Ewa Gustafsson
Adnan Noor Baloch
Mats Hagberg
Helena Sandén
Published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume 20
Issue 1
ISSN 1471-2474
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2909-...
Keywords Work ability, WAI, Occupation, Occupational health, 2000-2010 task-force, risk-factors, health-problems, ability index, associations, burden, women, bone, productivity, determinants, Orthopedics, Rheumatology
Subject categories Orthopedics, Occupational medicine, Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to investigate what exposure to work demands, physical and psychosocial, is associated with lower levels of sickness absence among workers with neck or upper back pain in different groups, by age, gender, duration of sickness absence and work ability score. Methods This study was a prospective study of 4567 workers with neck or upper back pain. Data on neck or upper back pain, work demand and work ability were obtained from the Swedish Work Environment survey over a 3-year period (2009-2013). Register data on sickness absence, 1 year after each survey was conducted, were obtained from the Swedish health insurance database. Analyses were performed to estimate the association between self-reported work demands and registered sick days > 14 days. The analyses were stratified for gender, age group and work ability score. Results Lower numbers of sick days were found for workers reporting low exposure to lifting >= 15 kg and twisted or forward-leaning work postures. Lower numbers of sick days were found for workers reporting high work control and seated work. The associations were generally stronger in the older age groups for the physical work demands. Conclusions The findings in this study suggest that certain physical work demands and having high control over one's work can result in lower sickness absence, especially among middle-aged and older workers with neck or upper back pain.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/english/research/publication/?publicationId=286398
Utskriftsdatum: 2020-02-28