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Seventeen-Year Mortality following the Acute Coronary Syndrome: Gender-Specific Baseline Variables and Impact on Outcome.

Journal article
Authors Annica Ravn-Fischer
Elisabeth Perers
Karlsson Thomas
Kenneth Caidahl
Marianne Hartford
Published in Cardiology
Volume 143
Issue 1
Pages 22–31
ISSN 1421-9751
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 22–31
Language en
Keywords Acute coronary syndrome, Gender, Interactions, Late mortality, Risk factors
Subject categories Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


Gender differences in outcome and its predictors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) continue to be debated.To assess long-term mortality and explore its association with the baseline variables in women and men.We followed 2,176 consecutive patients (665 women and 1,511 men) with ACS admitted to a single hospital and still alive after 30 days for a median of 16 years 8 months.At the end of the follow-up, 415 (62.4%) women and 849 (56.2%) men had died (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR] for women/men 1.18 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.33, p =0.005). After adjustment for age, the HR was reversed to 0.88 (95% CI, 0.78-1.00, p =0.04). Additional adjustment for potential confounders yielded a HR of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.76-0.98, p = 0.02). Using multivariable Cox regression, previous heart failure, previous or new-onset atrial fibrillation, and psychotropic drugs at discharge were significantly associated with increased long-term mortality in men only. Known hypertension, elevated creatinine, and inhospital Killip class >1/cardiogenic shock were significantly associated with mortality only in women. For late mortality, hypertension and inhospital Killip class >1/cardiogenic shock interacted significantly with gender.For patients with ACS surviving the first 30 days, late mortality was lower in women than in men after adjusting for age. The effects of several baseline characteristics on late outcome differed between women and men. Gender-specific strategies for long-term follow-up of ACS patients should be considered.

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Utskriftsdatum: 2019-11-15