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Ecological & functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification: perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak system

Review article
Authors Jonathan N. Havenhand
Helena L. Filipsson
Susa Niiranen
Max Troell
Anne-Sophie Crépin
Sverker C. Jagers
David Langlet
Simon Matti
David R. Turner
Monica Winder
Pierre De Wit
Leif G Anderson
Published in Ambio
Volume 48
Issue 8
Pages 831–854
ISSN 0044-7447
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of marine sciences
Department of Law
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory
Department of Political Science
Pages 831–854
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-018-1110-...
https://link.springer.com/article/1...
Keywords Baltic; Ecosystem services; Eutrophication; Indirect effects; Ocean acidification; Warming
Subject categories Political Science, Chemical Sciences, Climate Research, Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources, Ecology, Law and Society

Abstract

Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates negative impacts of OA. We identify several key areas for further research, notably the need for OA-relevant biogeochemical and ecosystem models, and understanding the ecological and evolutionary capacity of Baltic-Skagerrak ecosystems to respond to OA and other anthropogenic drivers.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/english/research/publication/?publicationId=274149
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-08-25