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Swedish Legal Professionals' Opinions on Child and Adult Witness Memory-reporting Capabilities: Using the Method of Indirect Comparisons

Journal article
Authors J. Knutsson
Carl Martin Allwood
Published in Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 29
Issue 3
Pages 392-406
ISSN 0888-4080
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 392-406
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.3117
Keywords EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY, SEXUAL-ABUSE, COMPARATIVE-OPTIMISM, RETENTION, INTERVAL, SOCIAL-INFLUENCE, LAW-ENFORCEMENT, EVENT RECALL, CONFIDENCE, SUGGESTIBILITY, JUDGMENTS, Psychology
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

Legal professionals' opinions about the memory abilities of child and adult witnesses are important in the legal process. We surveyed 266 legal professionals (Swedish police, prosecutors, and attorneys) and 33 lay judges about their beliefs about child and adult eyewitnesses' recall and metacognitive abilities. Prior research has usually asked for direct comparisons of children and adults but this may be rare in forensic practice. The respondents completed a story questionnaire (about a 9- or 45-year-old person witnessing an event), allowing indirect, or researcher-made, comparisons. In contrast to previous research (direct comparisons), our participants mostly rated children and adults to be on an equal level, but within-group consensus was low. Also, fairly few differences emerged between the groups' beliefs. Finally, the participants' opinions in our study were less in line with results from eyewitness research, compared with previous research using direct comparisons. Implications for legal and research practice are discussed. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/english/research/publication/?publicationId=218012
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-11-22