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Demineralization of Enamel in Primary Second Molars Related to Properties of the Enamel

Journal article
Authors Nina Sabel
Agneta Robertson
S. Nietzsche
Jörgen G Norén
Published in Scientific World Journal
Pages Article ID 587254
ISSN 1537-744X
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Odontology
Institute of Odontology, Section 3
Pages Article ID 587254
Language en
Keywords caries-like lesions, permanent teeth, deciduous enamel, carious lesions, dental enamel, in-vitro, invitro, surface, resin, ole dfg, 1981, archives of oral biology, v26, p413
Subject categories Dentistry


Enamel structure is of importance in demineralization. Differences in porosity in enamel effect the rate of demineralization, seen between permanent and deciduous teeth. Individual differences have been shown in the mean mineral concentration values in enamel, the role of this in demineralization is not thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to study variations of depths of artificial lesions of demineralization and to analyze the depth in relation to variations in the chemical and mineral composition of the enamel. A demineralized lesion was created in second primary molars from 18 individuals. Depths of lesions were then related to individual chemical content of the enamel. Enamel responded to demineralization with different lesion depths and this was correlated to the chemical composition. The carbon content in sound enamel was shown to be higher where lesions developed deeper. The lesion was deeper when the degree of porosity of the enamel was higher.

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