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Gastrointestinal transit abnormalities are frequently detected in patients with unexplained GI symptoms at a tertiary centre.

Journal article
Authors Riadh Sadik
Per-Ove Stotzer
Magnus Simrén
Hasse Abrahamsson
Published in Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Volume 20
Issue 3
Pages 197-205
ISSN 1350-1925
Publication year 2008
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine
Pages 197-205
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2982.2007...
Keywords Adult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Colon, physiopathology, Defecation, physiology, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Female, Fluoroscopy, Gastric Emptying, physiology, Gastrointestinal Diseases, epidemiology, physiopathology, radiography, Gastrointestinal Transit, physiology, Humans, Ileum, physiopathology, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Vomiting, physiopathology
Subject categories Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Internal medicine

Abstract

The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the yield and utility of a gastrointestinal (GI) transit measurement procedure in clinical practice. Patients referred by gastroenterologists to a tertiary centre for detailed transit measurements were prospectively included. All together 243 patients were enrolled. Body mass index was recorded. The patients were categorized according to the predominant symptom into five groups: diarrhoea, constipation, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The patients recorded their bowel movements and GI symptoms daily during the week before the transit measurement. Percentiles 5 and 95 of the transit values in 83 healthy subjects served as reference values. Widespread abnormalities were found in the five patient groups and 63% of the patients had at least one transit abnormality. The abnormalities were more frequent in men compared with women. Patients with underweight had more motility disturbances compared with other patients. In male and female patients with vomiting a significant delay of transit in the ascending colon was observed compared with healthy subjects. Large-scale transit measurements frequently detect transit abnormalities in clinical practice and may elucidate the relationship between some GI symptoms and abnormal motility.

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