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Urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, and other lower urinary tract symptoms: a longitudinal population-based survey in men aged 45-103 years.

Journal article
Authors Ulf G H Malmsten
Ulla Molander
Ralph Peeker
Debra E Irwin
Ian Milsom
Published in European urology
Volume 58
Issue 1
Pages 149-56
ISSN 1873-7560
Publication year 2010
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Urology
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Pages 149-56
Language en
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences


BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) such as urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB) are highly prevalent conditions, but there are few studies describing progression and remission of LUTS in men, especially over the long term. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of UI, OAB, and LUTS using current International Continence Society definitions in the same men studied longitudinally over time. DESIGN: Prospective, population-based, longitudinal study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In 1992, 10 458 men aged 45-99 yr, resident in the city of Gothenburg, were selected at random from the Population Register. MEASUREMENTS: The men received a postal questionnaire about the presence of LUTS, as well as questions on social, medical, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and demographic data. Responders in 1992 were reassessed 11 yr later in 2003 using a similar questionnaire. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: In 2003, 4072 of the 7763 men who responded in 1992 were still available in the Population Register and 3257 men (80%) aged 56-103 yr, responded. Prevalence of UI and OAB had increased (p<0.01) in the same men assessed in 1992 (4.5% and 15.6%, respectively) and 2003 (10.5% and 44.4%, respectively). The prevalence of nocturia, urgency, slow stream, hesitancy, incomplete emptying, postmicturition dribble, and the number of daytime micturitions had also increased (p<0.01). Only a minority reported regression of symptoms. Men with UI or OAB reported a poorer (p<0.001) HRQoL compared with men without UI or OAB. CONCLUSIONS: There was a marked increase in the prevalence of UI, OAB, and other LUTS in the same men assessed longitudinally over this 11-yr period. UI and OAB had a negative influence on HRQoL, and men who developed UI or OAB had a greater deterioration in HRQoL than men who had no change in their UI/OAB status over time.

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