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Definition and prevalence of peri-implant diseases.

Review article
Authors Nicola Zitzmann
Tord Berglundh
Published in Journal of clinical periodontology
Volume 35
Issue 8 Suppl
Pages 286-91
ISSN 1600-051X
Publication year 2008
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 286-91
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008...
Subject categories Periodontology

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current review was to describe the prevalence of peri-implant diseases including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MEDLINE search (PubMed) until December 2007 was conducted and different keywords related to the prevalence of peri-implant diseases were used. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies including > or =50 implant-treated subjects exhibiting a function time of > or =5 years were considered. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on the prevalence of peri-implant diseases. Cross-sectional studies on implant-treated subjects are rare and data from only two study samples were available. Peri-implant mucositis occurred in approximately 80% of the subjects and in 50% of the implants. Peri-implantitis was found in 28% and > or =56% of subjects and in 12% and 43% of implant sites.

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