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Micturition habits and incontinence in 7-year-old Swedish school entrants.

Journal article
Authors Anna-Lena Hellström
E Hanson
Sverker Hansson
Kelm Hjälmås
Ulf Jodal
Published in European journal of pediatrics
Volume 149
Issue 6
Pages 434-7
ISSN 0340-6199
Publication year 1990
Published at Department of pediatrics
Pages 434-7
Language en
Keywords Child, Female, Habits, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Sweden, epidemiology, Urinary Incontinence, epidemiology, Urination
Subject categories Cell and Molecular Biology, Nursing, Children


The prevalence of incontinence in children has been extensively studied, but knowledge of other bladder symptoms is lacking in a healthy child population. The micturition habits of 3556 7-year-old school entrants were surveyed by a questionnaire supplemented by telephone interviews. One or more symptoms of a disturbed bladder function was reported in 26%, but most of these had moderate urgency as a sign of incomplete voluntary bladder control. Isolated bedwetting occurred in 2.8% of the girls and 7.0% of the boys, whereas nocturnal incontinence combined with daytime wetting was equally common in both sexes, 2.3% and 2.0% respectively. Diurnal incontinence was reported in 6.0% of the girls and 3.8% of the boys and was usually combined with other symptoms. The frequency of micturition in children without symptoms of bladder disturbance and with no previous urinary tract infection was 3-7 times per day.

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