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Bullying in adolescence: psychiatric problems in victims and bullies as measured by the Youth Self Report (YSR) and the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS).

Journal article
Authors Tord Ivarsson
Anders G Broberg
Tomas Arvidsson
Christopher Gillberg
Published in Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Volume 59
Issue 5
Pages 365-373
ISSN 0803-9488
Publication year 2005
Published at Department of Psychology
Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Pages 365-373
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Psychology, Aggression, Crime Victims, Depression, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Questionnaires, Self Concept, Social Behavior, Suicide, Attempted, Statistics & numerical data
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry


Adolescents in junior high school (n = 237), completed a questionnaire on bullying as it relates to victim and to perpetrator status, suicidality and biographical data. Psychological symptoms were assessed by the Youth Self Report (YSR) and the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) supplemented by school health officers blind assessments. Bullying was common: bully only (18%), victim only (10%) and victim and bully (9%). Bullies had mainly externalizing symptoms (delinquency and aggression) and those of the victim and bully group both externalizing and internalizing symptoms as well as high levels of suicidality. Adolescents in the bully only group were more likely to be boys and to have attention problems. Moreover, a substantial proportion of the adolescents in the victim only group were judged by school health officer to have psychiatric symptoms and to function socially less well.

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