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Effect of the Neurofeedback‑EEG Training During Physical Exercise on the Range of Mental Work Performance and Individual Physiological Parameters in Swimmers

Journal article
Authors Mirosław Mikicin
Anna Mróz
Magdalena Karczewska-Lindinger
Karolina Malinowska
Andrzej Mastalerz
Marek Kowalczyk
Published in Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
ISSN 1090-0586
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Language en
Keywords Mental work curve · Body composition · Physical capacity · EEG · EMG
Subject categories Sport and Fitness Sciences, Health Sciences, Other Natural Sciences


The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of the Neurofeedback-EEG training during physical exercise on the improvements in mental work performance and physiological parameters. The study examined seven swimmers based on the following anthropometric measurements: body height, body mass and body composition. The Kraepelin’s work curve test, EEG and EMG during physical exercise were also performed. The athletes followed 20 Neurofeedback-EEG training sessions on the swimming ergometer for 4 months. Most mean indices of partial measures of the work curve were significantly modified (p < 0.05) following the Neurofeedback-EEG training. Mean level of maximal oxygen uptake in study participants was over 55 ml/kg/min, with statistically significant differences documented between the first and the second measurements. No significant differences were found in the fatigue rate between the measurements 1 and 2. The improved mental work performance following the Neurofeedback-EEG training facilitates optimization of psychomotor activities.

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