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Introducing the Research Setting: Four Countries and Two Local Services

Chapter in book
Authors Andrej Christian Lindholst
Morten Balle Hansen
Ylva Norén Bretzer
Nicola Dempsey
Merethe Dotterud Leiren
Published in Marketization in Local Government: Diffusion and Evolution in Scandinavia and England
Pages 79-98
ISBN 9783030324773
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan, Springer Nature
Place of publication Cham, Switzerland
Publication year 2020
Published at School of Public Administration
Pages 79-98
Language en
Links https://link-springer-com.ezproxy.u...
Keywords Four countries and two local services
Subject categories Public Administration Studies

Abstract

In comparative analysis of public management reforms, the general characteristics of countries and service contexts wherein reforms are implemented are important when examining and interpreting similarities and differences in the outcomes of reforms (Christensen and Lægreid, 2007; Greve et al., 2016; Pollitt and Bouckaert, 2011). When taking a comparative perspective, key characteristics of the politico-administrative system, such as Local Government structure, can provide a filter shaping the mix of policy instruments and organizational possibilities for implementing marketization within various services sectors. Similarly, the characteristics of the services sectors, such as…, are expected to provide a second filter shaping the outcomes from marketization. The country context of the book is represented by England and the three Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Norway and Sweden while the service context is represented by local park and road services. In the comparative perspective of the book, the country context varies while the service sector context is invariant. This chapter provides an overview and comparison of the general characteristics of the four countries and service context. The overview of the countries and service context focuses on relatively stable characteristics and their differences and similarities across the countries. The chapter is organised in two main sections. The first section provides an overview of the general characteristics of Local Governments in the four countries. The second section provides an overview of local park and road services in the four countries.

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