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Is contact-induced syncretism possible? A corpus-based study on bilingual verbal morphology of spoken German in Russian Siberia

Journal article
Authors Christiane Andersen
Published in Voprosy jazykoznanija - Journal of the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue 6
Pages 94-112
ISSN 0373-658X
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages 94-112
Language en
Links doi.org/10.31857/S0373658X0007548-1
https://sprak.gu.se/forskning/forsk...
Keywords Keywords: bilingualism, corpus linguistics, dialectology, diaspora, German, island dialects, language contact, mixed languages, morphology, Russia, syncretism, verbal inflection
Subject categories Bilingualism

Abstract

Abstract: This paper investigates bilingual verbs in a corpus of spoken German by L1 speakers in Russian Siberia. The study analyzes bilingual verb formations of the type hinpostupaje, which are inserted into a position corresponding to a native verb. Different kinds of inflectional and word-formation patterns in bilingual verbs are identified and discussed with reference to the contact-induced morphology of German and Russian. The study demonstrates that the bilingual verbs follow morphophonemic regularities, and that there are several traces of morphophonemic syncretism. It argues that the bilingual speakers make use of German and Russian morphology in an innovative way, which cannot be explained by classical morphology alone. The bilingual formatives identified differ from the form/function equivalents in both German and Russian morphology. Further research should therefore include cognitive aspects of bilingual morphology.

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