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A Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Positive-Negative Sex-Role Inventory (PN-SRI)

Journal article
Authors Therese Rydberg Sterner
Pia Gudmundsson
Nazib Seidu
Kristoffer Bäckman
Ingmar Skoog
Hanna Falk
Published in Societies
Volume 8
Issue 1
ISSN 2075-4698
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Language en
Keywords gender identity, norms, cross-cultural, validity, reliability, older persons, H70 study, allostatic load, gender, self, masculinity, femininity, androgyny, health, Sociology
Subject categories Health Sciences, Sociology


The Positive-Negative Sex-Role Inventory (PN-SRI) assesses gender identity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the PN-SRI in a population of 70-year-olds within the Gothenburg H70-study in Sweden. The overarching objective of testing the PN-SRI within the H70-study was to evaluate its usability to further study gender identity in large population-based samples of older adults. A total of 1124 individuals participated in the psychometric testing. A sub-sample of these (n = 406) provided a comprehensive survey regarding societal norms on femininity and masculinity. Reliability and validity tests were performed using Cronbach's Alpha and factor analyses. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients (0.734-0.787) indicated a satisfactory level of internal consistency, and the four-factor model (Model 2) fitted the data at an acceptable level (root-mean-square error of approximation, RMSEA = 0.068, standardized root-mean-square residual, SRMR = 0.07). This cross-cultural adaptation of the PN-SRI indicates that it may be applicable in a Swedish research setting comprising older adults. Future research is needed to further test the psychometric properties of this scale. Adding the PN-SRI to population-based studies will contribute to providing a nuanced way of analyzing differences and similarities among men and women.

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