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Snake richness in urban forest fragments from Niterói and surroundings, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil

Journal article
Authors N. Citeli
B. Hamdan
Thaís Guedes
Published in Biodiversity Data Journal
Volume 4
Issue 1
ISSN 1314-2828
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e7145
Keywords Conservation, Endemism, Forested Areas, Serpentes, Species Richness, Urban Inventory
Subject categories Environmental Sciences, Nature conservation and landscape management

Abstract

Background The Atlantic Forest is a hotspot for biodiversity, an area which houses high species richness and endemism, but with high level of threat. With reference to the herpetofauna, until recently there has been no detailed information regarding diversity of snakes recorded in the Atlantic Forest, the number of endemic species and their distribution ranges. While these basic data were missing, large areas of original forest have continued to be lost to increased urbanization and human population, representing a severe threat to the biodiversityNew information We recorded 28 snake species in our study area. Dipsadidae was the richest family with 14 species, followed by Colubridae (eight species), Boidae (two species), Viperidae (two species), and Anomalepididae, Elapidae and Typhlopidae (one species each). Most species were forest inhabitants (61%), of which 13 are endemic to the Atlantic Forest. There were no clearly defined species clusters regarding species composition. None of the species recorded in Niterói are listed as threatened in the Brazilian Redlist. However, most of them are strongly associated with forested areas and, perhaps, are not adapted to live in small fragments. Thus, more initiatives should be implemented to evaluate the true conservation status of these species in order to better protect them. © Citeli N et al.

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