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Factors contributing to separation/divorce in parents of small children in Sweden

Journal article
Authors Malin Hansson
Tone Ahlborg
Published in Nordic Psychology
Volume 68
Issue 1
Pages 40-57
ISSN 1901-2276
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Pages 40-57
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/19012276.2015.10...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/191100
Keywords parents, separation, divorce, QDR, contributing factors
Subject categories Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Prenatal and perinatal research

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate factors contributing to separation and divorce in first-time parents. Methods: Quantitatively analyzing data using Mann–Whitney-U-test, Chi-square and logistic regression analysis test from separated and non-separated mothers and fathers, when first child was sixmonths and four years of age. Outcome measures were quality of dyadic relationship,QDRindex and its dimensions and variables. Also, a qualitative content analysis of comments to one open question about contributing factors to the experienced situation fromthe separated parents (n ¼ 39) was conducted. Results: The experienced quality of the relationship measured with QDRindex and especially Dyadic Satisfaction, Dyadic Consensus and also Dyadic Cohesion showed a statistically secured difference between the groups of separated and non-separated parents. The qualitative description showed seven categories of factors contributing to separation: Strains from parenthood, Stressful conditions, Lack of intimacy, Insufficient communication, Differing personalities & interests, No commitment, and Negative effects of addiction. The described factors were in accordance with the factors described in earlier non-Swedish research. Some of the factors may be possibly prevented from leading to separation, such as lack of equality, insufficient communication and lack of intimacy. Conclusion: Primary health professionals meet the majority of parents-to-be and new parents and should therefore take on the task of supporting them in their relationships, thereby helping to prevent unnecessary separations.

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