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Emotional Well-Being in Anorexia Nervosa: Negative Affect, Sleeping Problems, Use of Mood-enhancing Drugs and Exercise Frequency

Journal article
Authors Suzanna Lundblad
Danilo Garcia
Berit Hansson
Trevor Archer
Published in Archives of Depression and Anxiety
Volume 1
Issue 1
Pages 1-5
ISSN 2455-5460
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Psychology
Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Pages 1-5
Language en
Links doi.org/10.17352/2455-5460.000001
Keywords Anorexia Nervosa; Negative Affect; Positive Affect; Emotional Well-Being; Exercise Frequency
Subject categories Psychology, Clinical Medicine, Health Sciences

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to ascertain emotional well-being among patients presenting anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy age-matched controls using the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule and the Emotional Well-Being Scale together with background health information. The results indicated that AN patients displayed higher levels of negative affect and negative emotions, more stress and depression, greater sleeping problems, pain, and use of analgesics and mood-enhancing drugs, as well as lower levels of positive affect and positive emotions, compared to the age-matched healthy controls. Despite their negative self-report, on the variables pertaining to affect, sleep and pain, the AN patients reported a higher frequency of physical exercise. Regression analysis indicated that the AN condition, from diagnosis, was predicted from negative affect, sleeping problems, use of mood- enhancing drugs and exercise frequency. Hence, suggesting that excessive exercise together with depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, additive behaviors and sleep problems represent AN from a perspective of multiple comorbidities.

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