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Child and Adolescent Predictors of Personality in Early Adulthood

Journal article
Authors Maria Wängqvist
M. E. Lamb
Ann Frisén
Philip Hwang
Published in Child Development
Volume 86
Issue 4
Pages 1253-1261
ISSN 0009-3920
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 1253-1261
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12362
Subject categories Psychology

Abstract

This study investigated development of the Big Five personality traits from early childhood into adulthood. An initial group of 137 Swedish children were assessed eight times between ages 2 and 29 years. Initial decreases in extraversion leveled off in early adulthood; agreeableness and conscientiousness increased from ages 2 to 29; neuroticism initially increased, leveled off in later childhood and adolescence, and decreased throughout early adulthood; while openness to experience showed an initial increase, then decreased and leveled off in early adulthood. Individual developmental trajectories varied significantly, particularly in relation to gender. Personality traits became increasingly stable, and the fact that childhood scores predicted scores in adulthood indicated that personalities are fairly stable across this portion of the life span.

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