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HSV-2 regulates monocyte inflammatory response via the Fas/FasL pathway.

Journal article
Authors Malgorzata Krzyzowska
Piotr Baska
Piotr Orlowski
Robert Zdanowski
Anna Winnicka
Kristina Eriksson
Wanda Stankiewicz
Published in PloS one
Volume 8
Issue 7
Pages e70308
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research
Pages e70308
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.007...
Subject categories Immunology in the medical area, Infectious Medicine

Abstract

Monocytic cells represent important cellular elements of the innate and adaptive immune responses in viral infections. We assessed the role of Fas/FasL in promoting monocyte apoptosis during HSV-2 infection by using an in vitro model based on the murine RAW 264.7 monocytic cell line and an in vivo murine model of HSV-2 infection applied to C57BL6, MRL-Fas(lpr)/J (Fas-/-) and C3-Fasl(gld)/J (FasL-/-) mice. HSV-2 infection of the monocytic cell line led to early induction of apoptosis, with no protective expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2. HSV-2 infected monocytes up-regulated Fas and FasL expression early during in vitro infection but were susceptible to Fas induced apoptosis. The vaginal monocytes in the HSV-2 murine model of infection up-regulated FasL expression and were susceptible to Fas induced apoptosis. HSV-2 infection of Fas and FasL- deficient mice led to decreased apoptosis of monocytes and impaired recruitment of NK, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells within the infection sites. The vaginal lavages of HSV-2 infected Fas and FasL- deficient showed decreased production of CXCL9, CXCL10 and TNF-α in comparison to HSV-2 infected wild-type mice strain. The decreased recruitment of immune competent cells was accompanied by delayed virus clearance from the infected tissue. Triggering of the Fas receptor on HSV-2 infected monocytes in vitro up-regulated the expression of CXCL9 chemokines and the cytokine TNF-α. Our study provides novel insights on the role of Fas/FasL pathway not only in apoptosis of monocytes but also in regulating local immune response by monocytes during HSV-2 infection.

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