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Growth in prepubertal Nigerian children is highly dependent on socioeconomic status (SES).

Journal article
Authors B Fetuga
T Ogunlesi
D Olanrewaju
B Jonsson
Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Published in Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
Volume 102
Issue 8
Pages 824–831
ISSN 1651-2227
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 824–831
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.12290
Subject categories Pediatrics

Abstract

AIM: To relate height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) of prepubertal children in Sagamu, Nigeria, to parental socioeconomic class (SEC). METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 1606 children aged 5-11 years from 8 public, 8 private primary schools. Height, weight, BMI from 1557 prepubertal children was standardized using two references: US-CDC birth cohorts1929-1974 and Swedish birth cohort 1974. RESULTS: Children in private schools were taller, and heavier than those in public schools (p<0.0001). Most children (73.2%) belonged to lower SEC,17.6% to middle and 9.2% to upper SEC. HeightSDS , weightSDS and BMISDS increased with increasing parental SEC. Upper SEC children were taller, heavier with higher BMIs than those from lower SEC (p<0.0001). HeightSDS , weightSDS , BMISDS were below '0' in all SEC and gender groups (all p<0.002). Younger children were taller and heavier than the older (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Fathers/mothers with higher education/occupation had taller, heavier children with higher BMI than other groups. Children in private schools were taller and heavier than children in public schools. Disparities in parental SEC still constrain optimal child growth in Nigeria: Whereas height and weight of children of upper SEC were close to the US-CDC29-74 reference mean they were still below Swedish74 reference mean representing more optimal growth. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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