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Tunable spin configuration in Co/Ni -NiFe spring magnets

Journal article
Authors Sunjae Chung
S. M. Mohseni
V. Fallahi
T. N. A. Nguyen
N. Benatmane
Randy K. Dumas
Johan Åkerman
Published in Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics
Volume 46
Issue 12
Pages artikel nr 125004
ISSN 0022-3727
Publication year 2013
Published at Department of Physics (GU)
Pages artikel nr 125004
Language en
Keywords torque oscillator, layer
Subject categories Physical Sciences


We investigate a tunable spin configuration in [Co/Ni]4/Co-NiFe exchange spring magnets. The strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of the Co/Ni multilayer, which competes with the in-plane shape anisotropy of the Ni81Fe19 (Py) layer, allows for unique magnetic configurations. By varying the NiFe thickness (tNiFe) from 2.6 to 3.0 nm, we show that the magnetization tilt angle can be easily tuned from completely out-of-plane (0°) to in-plane (90°). This transition, which occurs for a small range of tNiFe, can be estimated from the major loop remanence and one-dimensional micromagnetic calculations. These tunable magnetization tilt spring magnets are highly promising for future applications in spin-transfer torque-based devices.

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