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Nasal antibodies against gram-negative bacteria in cotton-mill workers.

Journal article
Authors Ragnar Rylander
Agnes E Wold
P Haglind
Published in International archives of allergy and applied immunology
Volume 69
Issue 4
Pages 330-4
ISSN 0020-5915
Publication year 1982
Published at
Pages 330-4
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Antibodies, Bacterial, biosynthesis, Byssinosis, etiology, immunology, Dust, adverse effects, Enterobacteriaceae Infections, complications, immunology, Female, Gossypium, adverse effects, Humans, Immunoglobulin A, biosynthesis, Immunoglobulin G, biosynthesis, Lipopolysaccharides, adverse effects, immunology, Male, Middle Aged, Nasal Mucosa, immunology, Occupational Diseases, etiology, immunology, Pseudomonas Infections, complications, immunology, Smoking, Time Factors
Subject categories Immunology in the medical area, Microbiology in the medical area, Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Abstract

Antibody activity to cotton dust bacteria in the nasal secretions of cotton-mill cardroom workers was studied using the ELISA technique. Secretion samples were collected by inserting a roll of filter paper into the nasal cavities of the subjects. The amount of secretion was significantly less among cotton-mill workers than workers in a wood factory. No significant differences were seen between byssinotic and nonbyssinotic cotton-mill workers. No significant differences were observed between cotton and wood workers regarding antibody activity against Pseudomonas syringae and Enterobacter agglomerans. Workers tested before and after the shift showed no difference in amount of secretion or in antibody activity. Smokers had a lower antibody activity than nonsmokers.

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