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Att peka ut det osynliga i rörelse: En didaktisk studie av taktart i musik

Doctoral thesis
Authors Cecilia Wallerstedt
Date of public defense 2010-10-29
ISBN 978-91-978477-0-4
Publisher University of Gothenburg
Place of publication Göteborg
Publication year 2010
Published at Academy of Music and Drama
Language sv
Keywords listening skills, early childhood education, music listening, variation theory, learning study, children’s perspective, metre
Subject categories Music education, Children, Musicology


The aim of this study is to examine what constitutes being able to discern time in music, as seen from the learner’s perspective. Listening is not only regarded as a higher mental process but also as a core skill in musical ability. Participants in the empirical study are 3 teachers and 27 children in a preschool class and in primary school. Three lessons aimed at facilitating children’s ability to discern time are analysed. The data also consists of interviews with the children. The theoretical framework for the study is variation theory. Four critical aspects of the object of learning have become apparent: to be able to discern stressed beats, the auditory meaning of keeping time and the continuous aspect of pulse; of critical importance is also to be able to separate the metrical aspect of the music from different forms of representing it, such as clapping or drumming. It is suggested that mediating tools, such as time, constitute important learning objects in music education. The teacher’s task is to point out what is invisible in the music and also what is invisible to the children. This can be done with the help of visual representations of auditory aspects, patterns of variation and verbal dialogue.

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