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Person- and Family-Centeredness in Ethiopian Cancer Care: Improving Communication, Ethics, Decision Making and Health

Journal article
Authors Nataliya Berbyuk Lindström
Aynalem Abraha
Abebe Bekele
Christian Munthe
Rune Andersson
Betlehem Girma Kebede
Barbro Linderholm
Tigeneh Wondemagegnehu
Published in JMIR Research Protocols
Volume 9
Issue 5
ISSN 1929-0748
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Oncology
Department of Applied Information Technology (GU)
Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Language en
Links https://www.researchprotocols.org/2...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/208128
Keywords Cancer, Ethiopia, Communication, Ethics, Bioethics, Global health, Person centred care, family
Subject categories Other Health Sciences, Communication Studies, Ethics, Practical philosophy, Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy, Nursing, Medical Ethics, Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major burden in Ethiopia. The Oncology Department of Tikur Anbessa (Black Lion) Specialized Hospital (TASH) in Addis Ababa is the country's sole specialist unit for cancer care. With only a handful of oncologists, a lack of resources, and a huge patient load, the work is challenging, especially in terms of achieving effective and ethical patient consultations. Patients, usually accompanied by family members, often wait for a long time to receive medical attention and frequently depart without treatment. Handling consultations effectively is essential in order to help patients as much as possible within such limitations. OBJECTIVE: The project addresses three main aims: (1) to enhance and expand the understanding of communicative and associated ethical challenges in Ethiopian cancer care; (2) to enhance and expand the understanding of the implications and use of person- and family-centered solutions to address such communicative challenges in practice, and (3) to plan and evaluate interventions in this area. METHODS: This project develops and consolidates a research collaboration to better understand and mitigate the communicative challenges in Ethiopian cancer care, with a focus on the handling and sharing of decision making, and ethical tensions between patients, staff, and family. Using theoretical models from linguistics, health communication, and health care ethics, multiple sources of data will be analyzed. Data sources currently include semi-structured interviews with the Ethiopian staff, patients, and family caregivers (91), survey data on cancer awareness (150) and attitudes to breaking bad news (450), and video-recordings of medical consultations (45). In addition, we will also develop clinical and methodological solutions to formulate educational interventions. RESULTS: The project was awarded funding by the Swedish Research Council in December 2017 for the period 2018-2021. The research ethics board in Sweden and in Ethiopia approved the conduct of the project in May 2018. The results from the studies will be published in 2020 and 2021. CONCLUSIONS: The project is a first step towards producing unique and seminal knowledge for the specific context of Ethiopia in the area of physician-patient communication research and ethics. It contributes to an understanding of the complexity around the role of family and ethical challenges in relation to patient involvement and decision making in Ethiopia. Improved knowledge in this area can provide a fundamental model for ways to improve cancer care in many other low resource settings in Africa and the Middle East, which share central cultural prerequisites (such as a strong patriarchal family structure, combined with strong and devout religiosity). The project will also serve to develop greater understanding about current challenges in Western health systems associated with greater family and patient participation in decision making. In addition, the project will also contribute to improving the education of Ethiopian health professionals working in cancer care by developing a training program to help them better understand and respond to identified challenges associated with communication.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
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Utskriftsdatum: 2020-08-05