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Children in Out-of-Home Care and Adult Labor-Market Attachment: A Swedish National Register Study

Journal article
Authors Torun Österberg
Björn Gustafsson
Bo Vinnerljung
Published in Journal of Public Child Welfare
Volume 10
Issue 4
Pages 414-433
ISSN 1554-8732
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 414-433
Language en
Keywords Foster children; labor market attachment; immigrant background; social assistance; education
Subject categories Social Work, Economics


Using longitudinal national register data, we investigated labormarket attachment during the years 1993–1995 in Sweden for persons aged 25–35 years who had been in out-of-home care before the age of 18 in Sweden during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. We consider whether an immigrant background has an additional influence on labor-market attachment. Compared to majority population peers, young persons who had been in foster care had shorter educations. Fewer had a strong labormarket attachment and more were dependent on social assistance. Results from multinomial regression models indicated that having been in foster care during childhood reduced the probability of high attachment to the labor-market and increased the probability of social assistance dependency, even after making adjustments for education, marital status, parenthood, domicile, and birth country. Few signs of additive effects from being both an immigrant and a former foster child are found.

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Utskriftsdatum: 2020-02-21