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Periventricular leukomalacia and retinopathy in a term infant born to a mother with asthma

Journal article
Authors N. Hagwall
Eva Engström
Ann Hellström
Lena Jacobson
Published in Dev Med Child Neurol
Volume 48
Issue 4
Pages 301-3
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Institute of Clinical Sciences
Pages 301-3
Language en
Links file:///U:/EndNoteRefs/PDF_arkiv/De...
Keywords Anti-Asthmatic Agents/therapeutic use, Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use, Anticoagulants/therapeutic use, Asthma/drug therapy, Child, Female, Fetal Growth Retardation, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Leukomalacia, Periventricular/*etiology, Male, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications/*drug therapy, Retinal Detachment/*etiology, Retinal Dysplasia/*etiology, Tranquilizing Agents/therapeutic use
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences


A male child, born at 37+5 gestational weeks (GWs) (birthweight 2000g) after intrauterine growth retardation (IUG; -3 SD), to a mother treated during pregnancy for asthma, developed periventricular leukomalacia and retinopathy with total retinal detachment in the left eye and partial detachment in the right eye. Apart from basic asthma treatment with terbutalin, budesonid, and fenoterolhydrobromid throughout the pregnancy, she was treated with intravenous or oral cortisone for 6.5 weeks from 28+5 GWs. In addition she developed deep venous thrombosis at 29 GWs and was treated with heparin until delivery. Psychotic symptoms during the 31st GW were treated with diazepam, haloperidol, and levomepromazin. Functional sequelae for the child were visual impairment (visual acuity 5/60), uneven intellectual profile (Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Verbal IQ 94 and Performance IQ 32 at 8y of age), and autistic-like behaviour. The possibility that pre- and perinatal risk factors (e.g. severe maternal illness, IUGR, and cortisone treatment) in a term infant may create conditions for developing eye and brain pathologies commonly closely related to preterm birth should be considered.

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