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The Gothenburg Congestion Tax: Attitude Changes Before and After the Implementation

Conference contribution
Authors Andreas Nilsson
Johan Martinsson
Cecilia Jakobsson Bergstad
Geertje Schuitema
Maria Thorson
Published in 11th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Groningen 2015
Publication year 2015
Published at Department of Psychology
Department of Political Science
Language en
Subject categories Environmental psychology


Attitudes and beliefs concerning the Gothenburg congestion tax were investigated in a three- wave panel study, twice before and once after the implementation. Participants were approximately 5000 respondents living in the Gothenburg area. A very large part of the variance of the attitudes towards the taxes was explained by policy specific beliefs. Environmental outcomes (positively) and value expressive beliefs (negatively) were the strongest predictors to attitudes towards the tax. The policy specific beliefs mediated the effects of values on attitudes towards the tax. Attitudes were more positive after the implementation compared to before. Respondents perceived the system as easier to use and experienced less negative individual outcomes after the implementation compared to before. The most important predictors (before the implementation) of the change in attitudes after the implementation were value expressive beliefs (negatively), Environmental outcomes, and procedural fairness (positively). The results are discussed in relation to previous similar implementations and to cognitive dissonance theory.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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