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International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 3. Injuries in the primary dentition

Journal article
Authors B. Malmgren
J. O. Andreasen
M. T. Flores
Agneta Robertson
A. J. DiAngelis
L. Andersson
G. Cavalleri
N. Cohenca
P. Day
M. L. Hicks
O. Malmgren
A. J. Moule
J. Onetto
M. Tsukiboshi
Published in Dental Traumatology
Volume 28
Issue 3
Pages 174-182
ISSN 1600-4469
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Odontology, Section 3
Pages 174-182
Language en
Keywords tooth; trauma; primary; luxation; fracture; review
Subject categories Dentistry, Paedodontics


Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition present special problems and the management is often different as compared with the permanent dentition. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialities were included in the task group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group. Finally, the IADT board members were giving their opinion and approval. The primary goal of these guidelines is to delineate an approach for the immediate or urgent care for management of primary teeth injuries. The IADT cannot and does not guarantee favorable outcomes from strict adherence to the guidelines, but believe that their application can maximize the chances of a positive outcome.

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