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Psychiatric telephone interview with parents for screening of childhood autism - tics, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and other comorbidities (A-TAC): preliminary reliability and validity.

Journal article
Authors Sara Lina Hansson
Annika Svanström Röjvall
Maria Råstam
I Carina Gillberg
Christopher Gillberg
Henrik Anckarsäter
Published in The British Journal of Psychiatry
Volume 187
Pages 262-267
ISSN 0007-1250
Publication year 2005
Published at Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Pages 262-267
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Diagnosis, Autistic Disorder, Diagnosis, Child, Female, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Male, Mass Screening, Methods, Observer Variation, Parents, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results, Telephone, Tic Disorders, Diagnosis
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry


BACKGROUND: Reliable, valid and easily administered screening instruments would greatly facilitate large-scale neuropsychiatric research. AIMS: To test a parent telephone interview focused on autism - tics, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbidities (A-TAC). METHOD: Parents of 84 children in contact with a child neuropsychiatric clinic and 27 control children were interviewed. Validity and interrater and test - retest reliability were assessed. RESULTS: Interrater and test - retest reliability were very good. Areas under receiver operating characteristics curves between interview scores and clinical diagnoses were around 0.90 for ADHD and autistic spectrum disorders, and above 0.70 for tics, learning disorders and developmental coordination disorder. Using optimal cut-off scores for autistic spectrum disorder and ADHD, good to excellent kappa levels for interviews and clinical diagnoses were noted. CONCLUSIONS: The A-TAC appears to be a reliable and valid instrument for identifying autistic spectrum disorder, ADHD, tics, learning disorders and developmental coordination disorder.

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