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Cognitive medicine - a new approach in health care science.

Journal article
Authors Anders Wallin
Petronella Kettunen
Per Johansson
Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir
Christer Nilsson
Michael Nilsson
Marie Eckerström
Arto Nordlund
Lars Nyberg
Katharina S Sunnerhagen
Johan Svensson
Beata Terzis
Lars-Olof Wahlund
Hans-Georg Kuhn
Published in BMC psychiatry
Volume 18
Issue 1
Pages 42
ISSN 1471-244X
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Pages 42
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1615-...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Keywords Neurocognitive disorders, Classification of diseases, Disability, Rehabilitation, Mental functions, Learning and memory, Executive control, Societal challenge, Stress and environment
Subject categories Neuroscience, Clinical Medicine, Psychology

Abstract

The challenges of today's society call for more knowledge about how to maintain all aspects of cognitive health, such as speed/attention, memory/learning, visuospatial ability, language, executive capacity and social cognition during the life course.Medical advances have improved treatments of numerous diseases, but the cognitive implications have not been sufficiently addressed. Disability induced by cognitive dysfunction is also a major issue in groups of patients not suffering from Alzheimer's disease or related disorders. Recent studies indicate that several negative lifestyle factors can contribute to the development of cognitive impairment, but intervention and prevention strategies have not been implemented. Disability due to cognitive failure among the workforce has become a major challenge. Globally, the changing aging pyramid results in increased prevalence of cognitive disorders, and the diversity of cultures influences the expression, manifestation and consequences of cognitive dysfunction.Major tasks in the field of cognitive medicine are basic neuroscience research to uncover diverse disease mechanisms, determinations of the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, health-economical evaluations, and intervention studies. Raising awareness for cognitive medicine as a clinical topic would also highlight the importance of specialized health care units for an integrative approach to the treatment of cognitive dysfunctions.

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