To the top

Page Manager: Webmaster
Last update: 9/11/2012 3:13 PM

Tell a friend about this page
Print version

Deliberative Methods for … - University of Gothenburg, Sweden Till startsida
To content Read more about how we use cookies on

Contact form


Note! If you want an answer on a question you must specify your email address

Deliberative Methods for Complex Issues: A typology of functions that may need scaffolding

Journal article
Authors Thomas Jordan
Published in Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal
Issue 13
ISSN 1534-5653
Publication year 2014
Published at Department of Sociology and Work Science
Mistra Urban Futures
Language en
Keywords Deliberative Methods, Scaffolding, Techniques, Group Facilitation
Subject categories Applied Psychology, Social Psychology, Other Social Sciences


When a group of diverse stakeholders face a complex issue that needs to be managed skillfully, the group may need support in order to work effectively. A large number of methods for scaffolding group deliberation on complex issues has evolved over the last few decades, however little research has been conducted to date on what functions these methods actually perform. The study in this article differentiates between the functions that may need to be scaffolded, and the means used for scaffolding such functions. A literature review and interviews with eight experienced facilitators led to a typology comprising of 24 functions that various deliberative methods are assumed to perform. The typology also describes some of the risks associated with a neglect to scaffold each function. An inventory was made of techniques and facilitator actions used in different methods and by individual facilitators in order to scaffold the 24 functions. The typology of functions may be useful in empirical research on deliberative methods, for evaluation purposes, and for supporting further development of skillfulness among facilitators.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

The University of Gothenburg uses cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience. By continuing on this website, you approve of our use of cookies.  What are cookies?